Red Wine

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Zogby exists because finding awesome red wine was a pain in the ass, and we hated overpaying for average bottles. We're sure you can relate.

Cabernet Sauvignon
Merlot
Red Blends
Bordeaux

It can be tough to talk about red wine if you aren't familiar with all the vintages and terminology. There's so many varieties, and vintages, and then there's the tannins, which makes it difficult to chat about red wine without sounding foolish. The best place to start identifying which wine you like is enjoying the wine and drinking it! But sometimes you need assistance figuring out which red wine you like. Here's a few of the major types of red wine you'll see.

It's a good idea to find out how they taste, and which foods you should taste them with.

Cabernet Sauvignon: This is the most planted grape in the world. It's safe, yet sophisticated. It's something which will please the group. California cabs are known to be fruitier, while French cabs are known to be more herbal/oaky. Bottom line, the region can impact how it tastes!

You should drink it with any meat, especially if its rich/fatty. Cabernets are great to drink with burger, short ribs, lamb, etc. RICH MEAT!

Merlot: This is the second most planted grape in the world, and it's a good beginner grape for someone trying out red wine. This is easy to drink, it's fruity, yummy, and you won't worry about tannins etc. It's good to drink with poultry.

Zinfandel: This is a great drink, and very "friendly." It's an interesting wine because the taste can vary based on where its grown. It's nice, juicy, and high in alcohol content. It can be spicy. It's good to drink with pork, pizza, and pasta. It's a light win, but juicy and acidic.

Syrah: This is a fun fine to sip. It can be peppery, spicy, and has the flavor of rich fruits. This is a great one to drink when you're reading a book. It's recommended you drink it with a charcuterie plate.

Malbec: This is a French grape, but now most of the world's Malbec wine is made in Argentina. It's easy to drink, with a deep purple color, and an overall great entry point to the red wine world.

Pinot Noir: This is among the lightest of the wines. It won't punch you in the face. It has a light body. It's great with spicy foods, sushi, or salmon.

Sangiovese: This is the biggest red grape in the country of Italy, and hails from Tuscany. It's a wine which is acidic, yet has tannins. You could taste soil, pepper, tobacco, and more. There's a lot going on in this red wine, and it's great with pizza/pasta.

Nebbiolo: This has a lot of tannins, and has tons of acid. It's a tricky wine, because it has a light color, but it has intense flavors. It's grown in Northern Italy. The wine gets more flavors as it ages. You should save it for special occassions. It's great with fatty meats.

Cabernet Sauvignon | Popular Red Wine

Cabernet is one of the most popular wines. It's popular because it's literally able to grow in virtually any area of the world. The only places it can't grow are the places where its too hot or far too cold. In extreme areas the flavors might be bad because it's too hot, or the grapes don't ripen. This is a flexible grape, and because it can grow in so many climates - it's got a lot of diversity to its flavor profile.

For example, in California, it's fruity and very pleasurable to drink. It's a full bodied wine, with soft tannins. In France, it's highly concentrated.
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The Cabernet Sauvignon grape has thick, black skins. The grape buds late, and produces low yields usually. It grows in nearly every wine producing area of the world. For examples, regions as North as Washington State, USA produce it, and regions as south as Yarra Valley in Southern Australia produce it.

There are many regions where Cabernet Sauvignon can grow. When it comes to the "Old World," Bordeaux is the most renowned region for Cabernet Sauvignon. Tuscany has become a big player in the Old World - ever since the creation of the Super Tuscan variety. When it comes to the New World, California(specifically Napa Valley), has played a huge role in the grape gaining popularity.

This is one of the world's most well known, respected, and trusted, wine grape variety. The grape is a cross between the Cabernet Franc, and Sauvignon Blanc. In other words, this is a hybrid grape. It was hybridized back in the 1600's in the southwestern part of France.

Merlot and Cabernet Savuignon are two of the most popular red wines. Many people don't know what makes each of them unique, or why someone might prefer one to the other. We're here to help you understand. These are both AMAZING wines, that go great with foods, especially meat. But each wine has its own characteristics. Many artisans blend them together - i.e. Bordeaux, because when combined together their individual traits support the other.

Background

Both grapes were born in Bordeaux, and have come to dominate the wine region. Depending on where you live relative to the Gironde river, you're more likely to grow Cabernet or Merlot. When grapes first began to grow, people on the left bank of the river felt their land was better for Cabernet, so it became the dominant grape. As a result, Bordeaux blends from the "left bank" became to have Cabernet as their dominant group. The vintners on the right back felt their land was better for Merlot, so they grew more of that grape, and that became the dominant grape in their Bordeaux formulations.

Cabernet Sauvignon | Bordeaux, France

This is where you'll find the most savory, and delightful grapes. You won't find "simple" cabs. You'll find cabs that are blended in the Bordeaux blend style. Cabernet Sauvignon grapes do best in the gravelly soils of Bordeaux. So if you want a Cab Sauv dominant wine, you want to look at the sub-regions of Medoc, Graves, and the areas within Cotes de Bourg and Blaye.

Cabernet Sauvignon | Napa Valley

Napa Valley is part of the California North Coast. The North Coast AVA, includes Napa, Sonoma, and some lesser-known regions. This area became known as Cabernet "land," in 1976. This is an amazing area that produces some of the best Cabs in the world. No liquor store has every single Napa Valley Cab, but most carry some of the more premier and well known brands. Like most things in life, you can spend as much money as you want on Napa Valley cabernets. It doesn't mean you need to spend聽ridiculous amounts of money to get value and excellence.

At the end of the day, it's all about what聽you're looking for.

Top Napa Valley Cabernet Sauvignons Under $50

Discover relatively affordable Napa Valley Cab's

Cabernet Sauvignon | Chile

Chile has some of the best Cabs. They offer some of the best value for HIGH QUALITY CABS!!!! Chile exports a lot of wine from the Central Vile. The best Cabs from Chile come from Aconcagua, Maipo, Cachopoal, and Colchagua.

Maipo Valley is between the cooling Pacific Ocean breezes, and the hot inland, Andes Mountain. It means this is one of the most ideal climates for Cabs. You'll find awesome Maipo wines from the Alto Maipo region.

How many calories in red wine? What is a low calorie wine? How many calories in a glass of wine versus beer?

You will find answers to all these questions here, plus how many calories are in specific types of wines and how many carbs you can expect in a typical glass of wine.

Calories in Red Wine

The calories in wine vary between types of wine. It does not vary between brands. In a five ounce glass of red wine, you will find that most wines have about 125 calories per five ounce serving.

This goes for Merlot, Cabernet Sauvignon, Zinfandel, Pinot Noir, Shiraz, any red wine blend, et cetera.

Sparkling wine has around 115 calories in a glass.Sweet red wines have more calories in them as they have more sugar content.

Port and Sherry wine have the most calories at about 150 based on a 3.5 ounce serving.

The key to understanding聽how many calories in red wine depends entirely on alcohol content. The higher the alcohol content, the higher the amount of calories. In other words, if you wish to enjoy a low calorie wine, look for a wine with a low alcohol content.

If you want to find out exactly how many calories there are in a glass, use this formula:

(# of ounces x % Alcohol) x 1.6 = Calories in Red wine

For example, a five ounce glass of Shiraz with 12.5% alcohol has 100 calories. But the same 5 ounce glass of Shiraz with 15% alcohol has 120 calories.

Pinot Noir and Burgundy tend to have about 125 calories per five ounce glass.

Cabernet Sauvignon has around 113 calories per five ounce glass of wine.

Merlot has about 25 calories per ounce, so a five ounce glass will have about 125 calories.

Calories in Wine vs Beer

Now that we have discussed how many calories in wine, how does that compare to beer? If you want alcohol and are counting calories, is beer a healthier choice?

Lighter beers have the least amount of calories, between 100-130 calories. Regular beers have between 130 to 180 calories in a 12 ounce glass. Heavier microbrews can have over 300 calories in a 12 ounce serving.

Beer typically has more carbs than wine as well, usually around 11 carbs per ounce.

Carbs in Red Wine

Most red wine have under seven grams of carbs per serving, which is considered low.

The wines with the lowest amount of carbs are dry red wines, because these wines do not have much excess sugar left over from the fermentation process.

Sweeter wines like Port, Sherry or sweet table wines have the highest sugar content and therefore the highest amount of carbs in red wine.

Conclusion

Red wine is certainly a better choice when it comes to alcohol on a diet. Not only do you have less calories and less carbs in red wine, but you also enjoy many health benefits as well.

Tips On Red Wine Storage Temperature

The optimal red wine storage temperature is not room temperature.

It should be a consistent temperature, cool, but not too cold that you run the risk of the wine freezing.

I'd say an optimum red wine storage temperature is between 45潞 - 60潞F (7潞 - 15潞C).

But the temperature itself is not really of main importance -- it is that the temperature stays the same throughout the year.

If a wine sits in 55潞F temperature for half the year, and 75潞F for the other half, that can be very bad for the wine.

Warmer temperatures age wine faster than is recommended for a wine. The higher the temperature, the faster the wine will age.

If you are storing your wine to be enjoyed within the next few weeks or months, a safe (and definitely cheaper!) alternative to building a wine cellar is to store your wine in the refrigerator.聽Just be sure to know the optimal temperature at which to enjoy your wine at.

Keeping wine for the long term

Are you planning on keeping your wine for a long period of time, perhaps 5 years or more?

This is when you must pay close attention to humidity. Optimal humidity is around 75%. Like temperature, this should not fluctuate.

If left in a dry room for a long period of time, corks can dry out, which lets air into the wine bottle. This is very harmful to wine. It lets the flavors and aromas of the wine seep out. wine should only mix with ambient air once it has been opened.

You will know that a cork has dried out when wine seeps out of the bottle.

One problem with humidity however, is that you run the risk of losing your wine labels. But I think this is a much better alternative than losing the drinkability of your wine.

Other things to consider

Try to avoid excessive vibration. This is definitely a problem for wines with sediment.

Keep wine away from extremely strong odors, such as chemicals that are usually stored in the garage or workshop.

Avoid ultraviolet light. It ages your wine too quickly, which is probably why red wine bottles are dark. The worst case scenario for this situation is to cover your wine with a box or blanket.

How to store your wine: Lying Down? Standing? At an angle?

You can't go wrong by storing your red wine lying down. Your corks won't dry out and let air in this way.

Unless you know the humidity is optimal where you keep your wine, I recommend standing your wine only if it has a synthetic cork. Such wines are meant to be enjoyed soon after purchasing.

Some recommend lying at an angle for wines that will be in fluctuating temperatures. However, having your wine lay at a small angle (no more than 10 degrees) is not harmful, if the red wine storage temperature and humidity remain at the same, consistent level.

Red wine benefits

Red wine benefits the liver as well as the intestines. The weight loss benefits are due to the fact that an active red wine drinking regimen decreases the risk of kidney disease in obese people. Researchers also found a link between dietary fiber intake and cancer risk reduction, and concluded that most of the benefits of red wine may be due to the polyphenols it contains.

Are red wines a source of antioxidants? Red wine contains a compound called resveratrol, which may be responsible for some of the biological effects of drinking red wine. Resveratrol is important for normal cell and tissue growth, which may be key to the observed cancer prevention benefits of red wine. The evidence for resveratrol's potential benefits for preventing cardiovascular disease is also promising, although findings on its role in reducing LDL-C levels are conflicting. Some studies have reported that dieters who consume large amounts of resveratrol in combination with dietary fiber have better cholesterol profiles. However, more research is needed to better determine if resveratrol is a viable antioxidant food, and how best to combine resveratrol with fiber.

How much red wine do you need per day? There are no recommended daily serving sizes for red wine. If you are consuming more than two drinks a day, talk to your health care team about the risk for cardiovascular disease and cardiovascular disease-related cancers and recommend that you moderate your intake.

How should I avoid alcohol while eating red wine? Alcohol is the only common cause of blood alcohol levels exceeding 0.08 mg/dL. As alcohol can affect blood pressure, risk factors, diabetes, and other processes, people with the greatest health risks should avoid drinking alcohol. Dietary habits should also be discussed. Drinking in moderation has long been recommended for health reasons. Avoiding excess alcohol is not harmful and can help to control blood pressure. Don't mix alcohol with any other drinks, including caffeinated beverages and soft drinks.

What are some other health benefits of red wine? Red wine has been shown to lower blood pressure. It has been said that it can also reduce LDL cholesterol and triglycerides, both risk factors for heart disease. Red wine can help reduce the risk of stroke. Although there is limited evidence that drinking red wine is helpful for improving diabetes management, this benefit may be linked to increased HDL cholesterol.

Are there any side effects to drinking red wine? Red wine is very safe for most people. Mild side effects, such as irritation or tingling of the tongue, redness, or burning sensation are common. Drinking large amounts may cause drowsiness, however. Some people have reported adverse effects, such as hallucinations, insomnia, and dizziness. Mild headaches and fatigue have been reported. Many people should avoid alcohol entirely, and if they do drink, moderate amounts should be consumed. If you have been drinking for some time, increase your alcohol intake slowly to avoid significant changes in your diet and blood pressure.

Side effects are also possible for people with impaired hearing. Because of the "sleepiness" associated with alcohol, if your child or spouse has difficulty sleeping, he or she should not drink.

How can I avoid alcohol and drink less? For adults, the best advice is to drink moderately. It is wise for older adults to begin drinking a little earlier than young adults. The United States Department of Agriculture and FDA recommend at least two drinks a day for men and one drink a day for women. This may sound like a lot, but people may have difficulty drinking these amounts all day. Women may also be helped by starting with one drink a day. The more drink you drink, the more chances for alcohol intoxication.

Dry Red Wine Fermentation

Dry red wine is one of the more uncommon flavors in the American kitchen. The fact that it isn't used much makes it harder to find. However, you'll find dry red wines (like Arzano or Grenache) on the dinner table often, especially in Spanish restaurants.

The good news is that the process of making dry red wine, including making wine from grapes, is relatively simple. The good news is that the process of making dry red wine, including making wine from grapes, is relatively simple.

Dry red wine Fermentation

Dry red wine fermentation involves the exposure of grapes to oxygen in the wine-making process. During this stage, there is no fermentation, but rather fruit-derived carbon dioxide is converted to carbonic acid. The same carbon dioxide that creates a natural sweet taste also acts as a flavor booster.

This simple process of red wine fermentation creates a wine with many aromas and flavors that go well with anything from steak to figs. This makes it a versatile wine that is not just the antithesis of fresh.

The secret to dry red wine is finding grapes that contain less than 20 percent acid. Most wines have a pH between 3.0 and 4.5. Those grapes are better suited for making wine than red grapes, which have a lower pH (4.5 to 5.0).

Red Grape Wine Tips and Tricks

Here are a few key tips for making red wine from grape must:

Use good wine grapes. The natural acid content of the grape will prevent over-fermentation. Try to find red grapes that contain less than 20 percent acid. There are numerous commercial grape varieties that are good for dry red wines. Good brands to consider are Corvina (California or Pinot Noir), Mourvedre, Yachats (New Zealand), Sangiovese (Italy), and Teucrium (Spain). Red grapes that do not contain acid are: Cabernet Sauvignon, Chardonnay, Merlot, Pinot Noir, Syrah, and Zinfandel. These grape varieties are usually more acidic than white grapes.

The natural acid content of the grape will prevent over-fermentation. Try to find red grapes that contain less than 20 percent acid. There are numerous commercial grape varieties that are good for dry red wines. Good brands to consider are Corvina (California or Pinot Noir), Mourvedre, Yachats (New Zealand), Sangiovese (Italy), and Teucrium (Spain). Red grapes that do not contain acid are: Cabernet Sauvignon, Chardonnay, Merlot, Pinot Noir, Syrah, and Zinfandel. These grape varieties are usually more acidic than white grapes. Use cool-climate grapes. Over-fermentation will make your wine seem off-balance. If you want to bottle in a cooler climate, choose grape varieties that do not contain as much acid. Because of this, acid-free wines will appear darker than they would if the acidity is taken into account.

Over-fermentation will make your wine seem off-balance. If you want to bottle in a cooler climate, choose grape varieties that do not contain as much acid. Because of this, acid-free wines will appear darker than they would if the acidity is taken into account. Choose a variety that contains little to no residual sugar. Some wine geeks prefer this option, which means that the yeast and sugar are all used up. In this case, the wine will have a somewhat more pleasant and crisp profile.

Some wine geeks prefer this option, which means that the yeast and sugar are all used up. In this case, the wine will have a somewhat more pleasant and crisp profile. Choose a grape variety with fewer and fewer chromosomes. Genetic diversity helps ensure that the wine will develop into a complex, balanced wine with a fruity, fragrant aroma. While genetic diversity is definitely desirable, we don't want it to be too high.

What happens to your wine when it's stored?

Once you bottle, you'll likely have to keep the wine in the fridge. If you leave it at room temperature, you risk tannin and astringency. In addition, a few very slight differences in the temperature of your wine can produce slight color and flavor differences that will also linger on into the bottle.

What else can I do to protect my wine?

Tasty winemaking tips for everyday wines:

Take small sample tasters. When you first make wine, give your cork, corkscrew, and wine jar a quick swish with a tissue. If the wine smells and tastes good, that's a good sign. If you have to check it a few times before you know it's a winner, it's probably not worth bottling.

When you first make wine, give your cork, corkscrew, and wine jar a quick swish with a tissue.