What are the rarest gemstones?

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Article about Rare Gemstones and Benefits and Price and Rarity and Mineral Content and History And Buying it And Maintenance of it

Gemstones have been prized by civilizations throughout history for their rarity, beauty and unique physical properties. Some of the most rare and coveted gemstones are also some of the most expensive in the world. Here is a list of 10 rare gemstones, along with their benefits, price and rarity:

1. Diamonds

Diamonds are perhaps the most well-known and sought-after gemstone in the world. They are incredibly rare, with only a small handful of naturally-occurring diamonds being found each year. Diamonds are treasured for their hardness (which makes them ideal for jewelry) as well as their exceptional sparkle. They are also the birthstone for April.

2. Rubies

Rubies are another popular and highly valuable gemstone. They are quite rare, with fewer than 1% of all rubies found being considered “gem quality” by experts. Rubies are treasured for their deep red coloration, which is caused by traces of chromium in the stone’s structure. They are also the birthstone for July.

3. Sapphires

Sapphires are another beautiful and popular gemstone that is relatively rare in nature. Like rubies, they get their coloration from trace impurities (in this case, iron and titanium). Sapphires come in a variety of colors beyond blue, including pink, purple, yellow and greenish-blue (“teal”). Blue sapphires are typically considered to be the most valuable type of Sapphire .

4. Emeralds

Emeralds are a stunning green gemstone that is relatively rare compared to other gemstones. Like Sapphires, their coloration is caused by trace impurities (in this case, chromium and vanadium). Emeralds are the birthstone for May and are also associated with good luck and fortune.

5. Opals

Opals are a unique gemstone that is prized for its iridescent play-of-color effects. These colors are caused by light interference within the stone’s microcrystalline structure. Opals are typically white or pale in color, with the colorful effects appearing as “patches” on the surface of the stone. They are relatively common compared to other gemstones, but still quite valuable.

6. Amber

Amber is a fossilized tree resin that often contains preserved insects or other small organisms (hence its nickname “flypaper”). It ranges in color from yellow to brown to black, and is sometimes used in jewelry or as an ornamental object . Amber is not particularly rare, but still quite valuable due to its age and beauty .

7 . Pearls

Pearls are another popular gemstone that has been prized by cultures throughout history . Natural pearls form when an irritant (usually a piece of sand) gets inside an oyster’s shell and the oyster secretes nacre around it . This process can take several years, making natural pearls quite rare (and thus valuable) . Cultured pearls are more common, but still considered fairly valuable due to the time and effort required to produce them .

8. Jet

Jet is a type of coal that has been polished into a shiny black gemstone . It was popular during Victorian times as mourning jewelry , but fell out of fashion in the early 20th century. Jet is not particularly rare, but can be difficult to find outside of antique shops or jewelers specializing in vintage pieces .

9. Coral

Coral is another popular gemstone with a long history of use by humans . It forms when tiny marine creatures called polyps secrete calcium carbonate around themselves . Over time , these deposits can form large coral reefs which provide homes for many different types of animals. Coral is not particularly rare , although some types (such as red coral) can be quite valuable

10. Turquoise

Turquoise is a beautiful blue-green mineral that has been prized by cultures around the world for centuries .It forms in dry and brittle environments such as deserts , where it fills cracks in rocks Turquoiseisn’t very rare , but high-quality specimens can be hard to find

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