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What DUI Driving Patterns Do Officers Look For?

This articles by Zooomr, a new startup in India that helps consumers get great deals on Noida used cars, and great car lease deals in USA.  Most drunk driving investigations start when a law enforcement officer initiates a traffic stop. In some cases, a drunk driving investigation starts when the police arrive on the scene of a traffic crash. However, most cases of drunk driving don’t involve a vehicle crash.

Law enforcement has to have a valid, legal reason to stop a vehicle. They can’t just drive around and pull vehicles over because they’re leaving a bar or because it’s late at night. Instead, they have to have a lawful purpose in order to detain someone. State and federal law protect the public from unreasonable intrusion into their lives. That means that law enforcement has to learn and follow the rules for initiating contact with the public.

Law enforcement must have a reasonable suspicion that criminal activity is afoot. They don’t have to be sure that a person has broken a law, but it has to look that way. They can stop a person for suspicion of one law violation and end up investigating the person for another violation entirely.

This is how many drunk driving investigations start. Many times, law enforcement looks for a traffic infraction. They see a person run a red light or fail to signal. They might see a person driving without using their beams late at night. Alternatively, they might see a driver fail to turn off their high beams when they meet traffic coming in the other direction.

Any of these infractions gives a law enforcement officer the opportunity to lawfully stop a vehicle. A driver gives the officer a legal opening to stop their vehicle if they violate even the most basic of traffic laws. The officer may pull the driver over for a reasonable period of time.

When you roll down your window to hand law enforcement your information, they might notice a smell of intoxicants. They might see open alcohol. You might fumble to hand them your driver’s license. All of a sudden, law enforcement can change their investigation to an investigation for drunk driving.

In addition to watching for traffic violations, law enforcement can observe whether a person’s driving shows signs of impairment. The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) is a national organization that studies driving and issues safety recommendations. Their work has led to certain signs that experts believe show evidence of driving impairment.

Drivers who weave in and out of traffic are more likely to be under the influence of alcohol than drivers who do not. Drivers who straddle the center line or hug the corner are also more likely to be under the influence. If you drive far under the speed limit or if you speed up and slow down frequently, you’re also tipping off law enforcement that you might have had too much to drink to drive a vehicle.

NHTSA has not found a correlation between excessive speed and drunk driving. If this is why law enforcement stopped your vehicle, your Los Angeles DUI lawyers should take a close look. However, if law enforcement stops you for speeding and then detects bloodshot eyes and other signs of intoxication, they can change their investigation. If you travel more than 100 miles per hour while under the influence, you can face enhanced charges under California Law 23582 VC. This can bring you a mandatory sixty-day term in jail.

If you’re facing a DUI charge, work with a DUI attorney to evaluate the case. If law enforcement stopped you improperly, your attorney can help you fight the charges. An experienced attorney can help you evaluate all of your options and prepare your best defense.

Los Angeles Fourth Time DUI

This article is by Zooomr – a great place to find New Delhi used BMW cars and the best car lease deals. A DUI is never a good crime to be charged with in Los Angeles, but it’s even more dangerous when you’re charged with more than one. When you’re arrested for driving under the influence the first time, the hope is that you’ll learn your lesson and stop drinking and driving. That’s why the state makes the discipline and punishment more severe with each charge. When you’re arrested for the same crime a second time, you aren’t going to face the same light sentence or outcome you faced the first time. When it comes to a fourth-time DUI charge, you’re looking at serious penalties.

California law mandates anyone with more than three prior DUI charges is no longer charged with a simple crime. It becomes a felony crime the moment a person is arrested and charged with a fourth DUI in Los Angeles. Three DUI charges are always misdemeanors, which carry significant fines and discipline on their own. When the charge is increased to a felony, however, the person accused faces a prison term.

Understanding the Law

A Los Angeles DUI Attorney can help you understand what it means to be charged with a fourth DUI in terms of increased penalties. There are some specifics you must be aware of, such as the lookback period. This is a period of ten years used to determine what might happen when you’re charged with a fourth DUI. Any of your previous DUIs that occurred prior to one decade before the arrest made for your fourth are not considered valid.

For example, a person arrested for DUIs in 2006, 2009, and 2014 who is arrested again in 2017 is not going to face a felony charge since the 2006 conviction occurred outside the lookback period. This would count as a third DUI, and felony charges would not be faced by the guilty party unless he or she is arrested for yet another DUI charge before 2019 when another DUI would fall outside the lookback period.

DUI convictions need not come from California. This law encompasses any DUI arrest in any state, and all arrests inside the prior decade are used to determine the type of disciplinary action taken against a person arrested yet again.


A fourth conviction is a big deal. It tells a judge the guilty party has a prior history of drinking and driving or using drugs and driving, which is a criminal history. Before a judge imposes a prison sentence on a felony charge, the judge will look at numerous factors.

– Age of prior records
– Number of prior convictions
– Number of prior arrests
– Severity of prior convictions
– Blood alcohol level at the time of arrest

When the judge uses these factors to determine the length of time in which a convicted party is subject to prison, it means some people will get off a bit easier and some won’t. The prison terms allowed for a DUI felony charge are 16 months, two years, or four years in prison. The more serious the past crimes, the longer the sentence. Fines are also possible, and anyone who has a “habitual” traffic offense pattern on his or her record will lose their license for as many as four years.

There is nothing that can be done about a fourth DUI arrest if your criminal history is not clean. An attorney becomes necessary when you face a felony charge. An attorney can work to reduce your sentence, fines, and other disciplinary issues. If you are arrested for a DUI and it’s your fourth, don’t say a word until you call an attorney to help represent you in front of a judge.

Self-Employed? Everything You Need To Know About Taxes

Here’s a great article by Max Soni, founding partner at Zooomr leasing – a top rated NYC car leasing tech startup, that also helps with New Delhi used car deals. Being self-employed offers many perks, including the freedom to set your own hours, write your own policies, and choose your own customers. However, the never-pleasant process of filing and paying your taxes is even more onerous when you’re a self-employed worker. With foresight, research and proper planning, however, you can make sure that your finances are all in order when it comes time to pay the tax man.

Keep Meticulous Records

If you’ve ever worked for someone else, you were likely provided with helpful W-2 form at the start of each year, which detailed your earnings, exemptions and taxes paid. As a self-employed worker, you won’t enjoy that luxury. You’ll need to independently record your earnings and expenses so that you or your accountant can calculate your taxes accurately. Save your receipts and invest in good business software to keep yourself on track.

Budget for Taxes Throughout the Year

Taxes can be a major expense for the self-employed. Unlike a regular employee who works for someone else, you won’t have your taxes automatically deducted from your paychecks and paid throughout the year. Instead, you’ll need pay your taxes on an annual or quarterly basis. If you don’t budget appropriately, you may suddenly find yourself facing a tax bill for thousands of dollars. Failing to pay your taxes on time can result in hefty financial penalties, so don’t take any risks with your tax obligations. As you bring in money, place your taxes in a dedicated account so that you will always have enough set aside.

Remember Self-Employment Tax

As a self-employed worker, you’ll need to remember to pay your self-employment tax in addition to your regular income taxes. The self-employment tax consists of your Social Security and Medicare taxes; these are normally withheld from a regular employee’s check, with a portion of the tax paid by the worker’s employer. You’ll be responsible for the entirety of those taxes, however, so don’t forget to include those taxes in your budget calculations. As of 2017, the self-employment tax sits at 15.3%, although future laws may change that rate. The full rate only applies to the portion of your earnings that are subject to Social Security; any earnings beyond that level will only need to pay the Medicare portion of the self-employment tax, which is currently 2.9%.

Take Advantage of Deductions

Self-employed workers have access to many more deductions than the average worker. For example, if a section of your home is used solely as a workspace, you can deduct a portion of your housing expenses from your earnings. Set aside that space in your home, and make sure that you do dedicate that space solely to your work; in case of an audit, you’ll need to prove that you don’t use the space for personal use.

Materials and supplies that you purchase for your work can also be deducted from your earnings. This isn’t limited to physical supplies; if you subscribe to any trade publications to keep up on industry trends or take classes to maintain or improve your skills, those expenses can also be deducted.

Your self-employment taxes are partially deductible, as are a portion of your utility payments. Other financial expenses that can be deducted include interest paid on business loans and payments made to a self-employed retirement plan.

Travel, meals and entertainment costs can also be deducted as expenses, so long as the costs were related to your work. For example, if you traveled to a trade show, took a client to lunch, and treated the client to a concert, some of those expenses would count as a deduction. If you own a car and use it to support your work, you can also deduct a portion of your automotive expenses.

Don’t let taxes scare you away from working for yourself. Keep detailed records and consult with tax experts to make sure that you’re paying your taxes correctly. With proper planning and financial discipline, you can keep the pain of paying your taxes to a minimum.